Xeriscaping - also known as water-wise landscaping, is a term used to describe a sustainable landscaping technique where there is little need for water which helps protect the environment in different ways. The benefits of xeriscaping include water conservation, easy maintenance, better plant health, cost-effective, and runoff reducing. Xeriscaping helps to conserve water by using plants that have little to no water needs and can even help to reduce around 50% of water that would be used for landscaping.
There are 7 important steps that are necessary when designing a Xeriscaped landscape. All of these 7 steps must be implemented in order for your water-wise landscape to flourish. These steps include: 1) the initial planning and design 2) soil improvement 3) irrigation 4) plant selection (there is a misconception that xeriscaped landscapes only use native plants) 5) using turf 6) using mulch 7) maintenance
When planning your landscape, you will want to design the best water-conserving strategies by considering the needs of your plants. It is important to group plants with similar needs together in distinct zones. This will help limit the use of water needed in the landscape and reduces the amount of excess water since not every plant will receive the same amount of water. Additionally, adding hardscape elements such as rocks and stones to the landscape is beneficial because less water is needed, and at the same time adds beauty to the landscape.
Limiting the amount of turf in your landscape is also beneficial because the most commonly used turf, Bluegrass, needs a large amount of water and maintenance in order to thrive. There are plants that mimic a lawn and act as a ground cover that do not require as much water, such as Woolly Thyme, which can be walked on as well. Soil is another necessary element to take into consideration because the type of soil in your landscape depicts how much water can be absorbed for the plants to use. To improve the soil, consider adding organic material to the existing soil in order to allow the soil to retain more water while decreasing runoff. Lastly, mulch is another great material you can add to your landscaping because it helps to absorb moisture, which keeps the plants cool, reduces weeds in the yard, and adds to the aesthetic of the landscape.
Xeriscaping is a sustainable technique for landscaping that can make a yard stand out while also helping save on money, water, and time. Additionally xeriscaping is really important to keep in mind if living in dry locations where droughts are common. Implement all of these techniques and create a stunning yet environmentally friendly landscape. The types of plants that work well in this type of landscape may vary based off of your climate, but here is a list of some of our favorites!