Although fall crisp weather in some regions may make it a challenge for many plant types to grow, there are several vegetables, herbs, and other plants that can thrive in your garden during the fall season. With this in mind, it’s important to start planning your fall garden early, which may even mean planting new seeds in August to allow the plants time to grow before the cold weather arrives. This will, of course, depend on the type of plant, and how long it needs to grow before maturing.
Here are some of the best plants and vegetables to grow in your fall garden:
Asparagus is a great vegetable to start growing once the cool weather arrives. Plant asparagus crowns in trenches that are about 6 inches deep and 12 inches wide. Make sure your soil is nutrient-rich. If adding asparagus to your garden, you must be patient since this vegetable can take about 2-3 years to mature.
Beets are perfect for your garden, and typically grow best when the seeds are planted about 8 to 10 weeks prior to when the first frost typically arrives. If beets experience too cold of temperatures, the plant may go to seed. So make sure to start on the early side when planting beet seeds. This vegetable will be ready to harvest in about a month and a half to two months.
Broccoli needs several months of top growing conditions prior to frost arrives, so this fall plant needs to be planted on the early side. When growing broccoli during the fall season, you can actually start growing the seeds indoors during late summer and then place them in the soil of your garden during autumn. This vegetable typically needs 3 months or so to fully mature before harvesting.
Carrots are a cool-weather crop that can be planted in September or October in order to mature in time for a winter harvest. Carrots are typically easy to grow, take just a few months to mature, and can thrive in cool weather, tolerating light frost.
Cauliflower plants should be planted about 6-8 weeks before the first frost. These vegetables grow best in an even moisture and prefer consistently cool temperatures around 60 degrees F. Depending on the variety, cauliflower plants may be ready to harvest in about 2-3 months.
Garlic cloves can be planted in mid-fall in a sunny location in nutrient-rich, well-drained soil. If planting garlic in fall, it is typically matured by spring season and ready to harvest.
Lettuce prefers moist and cool conditions, so fall is a perfect time to grow this vegetable. The seedlings are even able to survive a bit of frost. Loose leaf lettuce and other salad greens are easy crops to grow, and grow relatively fast. This vegetable is typically ready to harvest within about 30 days.
Onions can be grown in fall gardens, planting in September or October in fertile, well-drained soil. Onions will typically mature in about 3 months, then are ready for harvest.
Radishes can be planted in late September since the plant does not tolerate heat and prefers cool temperatures below 75 degrees F. Radishes can grow pretty quickly and are usually ready to harvest in about 1-2 months.
Scallions are fall growing plants that can be directly planted in your garden in August. Scallions grow best when planted about 6-8 inches apart. This plant grows best in spring and fall and is typically ready to harvest about 60-80 days after sowing.